Cowley Books of Oxford


Oxford, Oxon, United Kingdom

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The Cowley area has been inhabited since early times. The line of a Roman road runs north-south along the eastern edge of Cowley.
It linked a Roman town at Dorchester-on-Thames with a Roman military camp at Alchester near Bicester. A road called Roman Way
follows part of its route. It is behind the Mini car factory, starting opposite the Stagecoach in Oxfordshire bus garage.

Cowley coalesced from the former villages of Cowley, Temple Cowley and Cowley St John (also occasionally referred to as "Church Cowley").
Cowley was a manor from Mediaeval times, and a 16th-century manor house stood on Oxford Road near the corner with Hollow Way. In 1139, Matilda of
Boulogne founded Temple Cowley here for the Knights Templar.[1]

The house became part of the Oxford Military College which was built on its grounds in the 19th century. In 1864, the Wycombe Railway
between High Wycombe and Oxford was built through Cowley, but at this time the village was so small that the railway company did not provide it with a station.

Entry in Domesday Book
    Taxable units: Taxable value 4.5 geld units. Payments of 0.4 fisheries.
    Value: Value to lord in 1066 £5. Value to lord in 1086 £5.
    Households: 20 villagers. 5 smallholders. 2 slaves.
    Ploughland: 10 ploughlands (land for). 1 lord's plough teams. 8 men's plough teams.
    Other resources: 1.0 lord's lands. Meadow 10 acres. Woodland 4 * 2 furlongs. 1 mill, value 2.0. 2 fisheries.
    Lord in 1066: Leofwin of Nuneham.
    Lord in 1086: Leofwin of Nuneham.
    Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Leofwin of Nuneham.